palm sugar is low-glycemic because of its rich mineral content.
Mineral content of palm sugar per 100g: Nitrogen 202mg, Phosphorus 79mg, Potassium 1,030mg, Calcium 8mg, Magnesium 29mg, Sodium 45mg, Chloride 470mg, Boron 0.6mg, Zinc 2mg, Manganese 0.1mg, Iron 2mg, Copper 0.23mg, Thiamine 0.41mg
Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load explained:
Glycemic Index takes into account the quality of the carbohydrate in a food and ignores its quantity. A glycemic index value therefore tells us only how rapidly a particular carbohydrate turns into sugar. It doesn’t tell how much of that carbohydrate is in a serving of a particular food. Both the things are important to understand a food’s effect on blood sugar. Glycemic load considers the quality and the quantity of carbohydrate content of the foods. The following table gives a values for low, medium and high glycemic load for foods. Values are with reference to Glucose.:
Low GI = 55 or less
Medium GI = 56 – 69
High GI = 70 or more
Foods that have a low glycemic index invariably have a low glycemic load, while foods with an intermediate or high glycemic index range from very low to very high glycemic load. Therefore, you can reduce the glycemic load of your diet by limiting foods that have both a high glycemic index and a high carbohydrate content.
According to Dr. Trinidad, a scientist from the Food and Nutrition Research Institute – Department of Science and Technology the Glycemic Index (GI) is the glucose response of an individual from food relative to a standard glucose solution. Low G I food is good for proper control and management of diabetes mellitus (type II diabetes) and has been shown to lower total and LDL cholesterol. It is also good for weight maintenance therefore prevents overweight and obesity.
Their findings indicate the glycemic index of 35 for pure coconut palm sugar. Please note that some coconut palm sugar on the market, in particular palm sugar from Thailand, is also mixed with cane sugar and other malt based ingredients. The glycemic index value alone does not give accurate picture of the food. The glycemic load (GL) takes both the things into account. The glycemic load is the glycemic index divided by 100 multiplied by its available carbohydrate content. The glycemic load of coconut palm sugar is 1.4, or 1 when rounded off.